Authors: Eliza Petrosyan, Razmik Mnatsakanyan, Narek Alexanyan, Nene Mkrtchyan, Siranush Khachatryan
2019-11-28 21:15
The Essence and Peculiarities of Non-Formal Education
Everyone realizes that the vision of a good future is opened first of all by good education. Regarding the formal and informal types of education, it is important to note that the two options mentioned above cannot be independent and effective. They are meant to complement one another.

Non-formal education is primarily concerned with making new discoveries, making the boundaries of one's abilities and desires more expressive. Non-formal education in the learner reveals and shapes more personal psychological qualities, enabling the expression and self-expression of non-stereotyped thoughts. The non-formal education process deviates from the already existing formal education and gives the learner a better worldview. The learner has the opportunity to identify himself / herself during the active learning process. This style does not imply rejection of formal education, it complements formal education and makes it more effective.

Unlike non-formal education, it is voluntary and non-formal education, non-standardized, non-standardized and gives learners and teachers the flexibility to pursue educational goals. It can be of short duration and intensity, and is usually provided in the form of short courses, seminars, or trainings. Non-formal education may include programs that promote literacy and out-of-school education for adults and young people, as well as life skills, work skills and social or cultural development programs.

One of the disadvantages of non-formal education is that the teaching is horizontal. That is, the people involved in the learning process - the participants themselves generate knowledge with the help of trainers, facilitators, who are on an equal footing and have the right to equal freedom of expression and action. Non-formal education enables one to develop, self-assert and express their own opinion as well as express it. It motivates you to create new ideas and look for ways to implement them. Conversely, formal education, which mainly focuses on the intellectual field of the learner, non-formal education has a holistic approach and equally works on the development of intellect, skills and values ​​/ attitudes.

Unlike formal education, non-formal education is assessed through self-assessment, whereby the participant identifies his/her strong and weak sides, is able to feel the effectiveness of the seminar / training itself and freely expresses his/her complaints, suggestions or desires regarding the quality of the training.

Nowadays, in the interest of young people, alongside formal education, opportunities for non-formal education are increasing, which makes it important to feel the importance and importance of youth development.

The material was prepared by the participants within the framework of a training course for youth workers conducted by the RA Ministry of Education, Science, Culture and Sport.