In some countries, the ancestors of Santa Claus are gnomes, in others - stray sellers of children's toys, and others - medieval wandering jugglers. But basically, many countries consider St. Nicholas the ancestor of Santa Claus. This is a real person who lived many, many centuries ago.
They all bring gifts, get into the house to give them, but everyone does it differently. They all have their own interesting outfit.
Let us get acquainted with the foreign colleagues of our Santa Claus.
In Russia, his name is Santa Claus. He has a staff in his hands, a white beard on his face. He comes to visit with gifts, puts them under the Christmas tree. But not one comes, but with his granddaughter, the assistant Snow Maiden.
The German colleague is called Vainakhtsman or Christmas Grandfather.
This is a very friendly and mischievous old man with a long white beard. He is in a red coat with white fur and a large bag of gifts. He gives gifts to “good” children, and “bad” - he punishes.
Children are also preparing for his arrival: they put a large plate for gifts on the table and stuff hay in their shoes, this is for a donkey.
The Finnish friend's name is Joulupkki.
He lives on Mount Korvantuntur; his wife's name is Muori.
In the Czech Republic, Slovakia, the most modest Grandfather. And all because no one has ever seen him. His name is Hedgehog. The sound of a bell announces his arrival.
The overseas deputy from Japan is Segatsu-san.
But he is gradually beginning to be replaced by a new Santa Claus - Oji-san.
Children prefer him more, perhaps because of the traditional red sheepskin coat. And Segatsu-san is dressed in a blue kimono, and for a whole week, which the Japanese call "golden." But he does not give gifts, parents do it for him.
The American assistant is called Santa Claus.
His clothes are a red coat of harem pants, a cap on his head, also red and glasses. He has his own reindeer team on which he carries gifts.
In Norway, the role of Santa Claus is played by small Nissé dwarf houses.
To receive gifts, children have to set a large table for them, as they love sweets very much. They also wear knitted caps.
The Greek helper is called St. Basil.
He does not at all look like a chubby, pink-cheeked old man.
Saint Basil wanted to feed the whole world. he did not carry a bag of gifts with him, he was famous mainly for good deeds.
In Hungary - Nikalaush.
Before giving a gift, Nikalaus determines with the help of his assistants how the child behaved. Good children have sweets; bad children have coals.
The Colombian buddy's name is Papa Pasquale.
He is very perky, noisy Grandfather. His arrival is impossible to miss. Each of his steps is accompanied by fireworks.
Romanian comrade looks like our Santa Claus. His name is Mosh Jeryl.
In India, the functions of Santa Claus are performed by the goddess Lakshmi.
In Africa, there is also Santa Claus, despite the fact that this country is very hot. His name is Grandfather Heat.
The colleague from Sweden is called Yul Tomten.
The Mongolian rival of Santa Claus is Uvlin Uvgun.
In Holland - Sinter Klaas.
French colleague of Santa Claus - Per Noel.
In Belgium, this is St. Nicholas.
All Santas give presents. Some are good, others can be foolish. But, nevertheless, they are in order to congratulate and bring, albeit a small, but a piece of happiness, a little joy in every home.
Santa Claus is known in Armenia as Kaghand. He is the example of a person carrying and spreading the New Year's mysteries. The words kaghand or kaghand have nothing to do with the word "hang" in Armenian. The word kaghand is Latin for "calenda-month". Santa Claus is known for sharing the New Year with his 7 tips: mutual respect, peace, honesty, wisdom, diligence, modesty, and contentment.